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  • Writer's pictureMubbashar (Hafiz Team)

Mental Health and Mental Illness: Foundations of Nursing Practice

Mental health and mental illness are important topics in nursing practice as they have a significant impact on the overall well-being of patients. Understanding the foundations of mental health and mental illness is essential for nurses to provide effective and compassionate care for their patients. One important foundation of mental health and mental illness is the biopsychosocial model. This model suggests that mental health and illness are the result of the interaction between biological, psychological, and social factors. This means that nurses must consider the patient's physical health, mental health, and social circumstances when providing care. Another important foundation is understanding the different types of mental illnesses. Common mental illnesses include depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. Each of these conditions has its own set of symptoms and treatment options, and nurses must be familiar with these in order to provide appropriate care. Mental health promotion is also an important foundation of nursing practice. This includes helping patients to maintain and improve their mental health through activities such as exercise, social support, and stress management. Finally, nurses must be aware of the barriers that prevent individuals from seeking help for their mental health problems. These barriers can include stigma, lack of access to care, and lack of knowledge about mental health. Nurses can help to address these barriers by providing education and resources to patients and their families and by fostering a supportive and non-judgmental environment. In summary, mental health and mental illness are integral parts of nursing practice and nurses must have a thorough understanding of the foundations of these topics to provide effective and compassionate care for their patients.


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