Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity by Judith Butler
"Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity" is a seminal work of feminist and gender theory written by Judith Butler in 1990. The book is a critical examination of the ways in which gender and sexuality are constructed and performed, and it has had a significant impact on feminist and queer theory.
Butler argues that gender is not a fixed and natural aspect of a person, but rather a social construct that is performed through repeated actions and behaviors. She contends that the binary understanding of gender as solely male or female is limiting and that the fluidity of gender is not only possible but also more accurate.
The book also critiques the idea that gender is related to biological sex, and that it's a one-to-one correspondence. Butler argues that gender is a cultural construct that is not determined by biology, but rather by social and cultural factors.
Gender Trouble is considered a classic of feminist and queer theory, and its ideas have been highly influential in the fields of feminist, gender and queer studies. Butler's work has helped to shape the conversation about gender and sexuality, and has challenged traditional understandings of these concepts.
The book's impact is far-reaching and continues to inspire new debates and discussions in various fields such as sociology, philosophy, cultural studies, and even in activism, where it has helped to challenge the traditional and limiting binary understanding of gender.