Environmental Health: Understanding the Risks and Protecting Yourself
Environmental health refers to the branch of public health that focuses on the relationship between the environment and human health. This includes the study of how environmental factors such as air and water pollution, exposure to hazardous chemicals, and climate change can affect human health, as well as the development of strategies to protect human health.
There are several environmental health risks that people should be aware of, including:
Air pollution, which can cause respiratory problems, cardiovascular disease, and cancer.
Water pollution, which can cause gastrointestinal problems, infections, and other health issues.
Exposure to hazardous chemicals, such as pesticides, lead, and mercury, which can cause cancer, neurological problems, and other health issues.
Climate change, which can cause heat-related illnesses, respiratory problems, and an increase in the spread of diseases.
Exposure to radiation, including ultraviolet radiation from the sun, can cause skin cancer and other health problems.
To protect yourself from environmental health risks, there are several things you can do, including:
Reducing your exposure to air pollution by avoiding outdoor activities during times of high pollution, and by using air purifiers at home.
Drinking and cooking with safe water by testing the water quality, filtering or boiling it and have it from trusted sources
Reducing your exposure to hazardous chemicals by choosing products that are free of harmful chemicals, and by properly disposing of hazardous waste.
Protecting yourself from the sun by using sunscreen, wearing protective clothing, and limiting your exposure to the sun during peak hours.
Staying informed about environmental health risks by reading news and research, and by staying informed about local and national environmental policies.